MVC vs MVP vs MVVM. What’s different between them?


If you’re a developer, you’re undoubtedly familiar with a few of the most common software architecture patterns that have been used for decades. These patterns are designed to give you a better way to organize your code, and each provides a specific set of benefits. You may have encountered three of the most popular architecture patterns: MVC vs. MVP vs. MVVM. In this article, we’ll take a closer look at each pattern, discussing their main differences and figuring out when it’s best to use each one.

Understanding the Basics

What is MVC (Model-View-Controller)?

MVC stands for Model-View-Controller, an architecture pattern that has become increasingly popular in web applications and desktop software. The primary goal of this pattern is to separate the application into three distinct components, each with its own responsibilities and concerns.

The first component is the Model, which is responsible for managing the data and application logic. It should be completely independent of the user interface and contain no views or controller logic. This separation of concerns makes managing and maintaining the code easier over time.

The second component is the View, which is responsible for presenting the data to the user in a user-friendly format. It should be independent of the Model and Controller and contain no business logic. Its primary purpose is to provide a visual representation of the data.

The third component is the Controller, which is responsible for managing the communication between the View and the Model. It handles user input, interacts with the Model, and updates the View accordingly. By separating the concerns of the application into these three components, MVC makes it easier to manage and maintain the code over time.

What is MVP (Model-View-Presenter)?

MVP stands for Model-View-Presenter, another architecture pattern that is similar to MVC. However, MVP emphasizes the presenter, which can communicate with both the View and the Model.

The Model component is responsible for managing the data, just as in MVC. The View component is responsible for presenting the data to the user and is independent of both the Model and the presenter. It should not contain any business logic, and its primary purpose is to visually represent the data.

The Presenter component acts as a mediator between the View and the Model, and it’s responsible for handling user input, just as in the Controller in MVC. However, it also handles some of the business logic, exposing a simplified interface to the View. This architecture pattern allows for better separation of concerns but can be slightly more complicated than MVC.

What is MVVM (Model-View-ViewModel)?

MVVM stands for Model-View-ViewModel, an architecture pattern that is a natural evolution of MVC and MVP. This pattern puts more emphasis on data binding and testing, making it easier to maintain and test the code over time.

The Model component is responsible for managing the data, just as in MVC and MVP. The View component is responsible for presenting the data to the user, just as in the other two patterns.

The ViewModel component bridges the View and the Model, just as the presenter does in MVP. However, it also exposes a set of properties and commands to which the View can bind. This approach makes separating the user interface from the logic easier, which can be particularly useful in large applications.

The MVVM architecture pattern is gaining in popularity due to its ability to make it easier to test and maintain the code. By separating the concerns of the application into these three components, MVVM provides a clear and logical structure for building complex applications.

Key Differences Between MVC, MVP, and MVVM

Role of the Controller, Presenter, and ViewModel

The primary difference between these three architecture patterns is the role of the Controller, presenter, and ViewModel. In MVC, the Controller is responsible for handling user input, whereas, in MVP, the presenter takes on this task. In MVVM, it’s the ViewModel that’s responsible for handling user input.

Communication Patterns

The way that the components communicate with each other is another significant difference between these patterns. In MVC, the Controller mediates the View and the Model communication. In MVP, the presenter acts as an intermediary between the View and the Model. In MVVM, the ViewModel communicates with both the View and the Model, allowing for better data binding and separation of concerns.

Data Binding and UI Updates

The use of data binding is another significant difference. In MVC and MVP, the View has direct access to the Model, meaning that you’ll need to manually write code to handle data binding. In MVVM, however, you can take advantage of data binding, making it easier to update the user interface and reducing the amount of code you need to write manually.

Testability and Maintainability

The final difference between these patterns is how easy testing and maintaining your code is. MVC is relatively easy to test and maintain, given that the components are well separated. MVP is a bit more complex, given the addition of the presenter, but it still provides a decent separation of concerns. Finally, MVVM is the most testable and maintainable pattern of the three due to its emphasis on data binding and testability.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Each Pattern

Pros and Cons of MVC

The main advantage of MVC is its simplicity. The Model, View, and Controller are well separated, making it easy to manage and maintain. However, the downside is that it can be tough to manage complex logic, and you may need to add additional components to handle this.

Pros and Cons of MVP

The advantage of MVP is that it provides a clearer separation of concerns than MVC, making it easier to maintain. However, it also adds more complexity and can be more challenging to manage over time.

Pros and Cons of MVVM

The main benefit of MVVM is that it provides a better separation of concerns than the other two patterns. Testing and maintaining over time is also easier, which is a significant advantage. However, learning and understanding can be more challenging, and it may take some time to get used to the data-binding approach.

Choosing the Right Pattern for Your Project

Factors to Consider

Choosing the right architecture pattern for your project can be challenging. However, by looking at the specific needs of your project, you can narrow down the choices. Some factors to consider include:

  • The complexity of your project
  • The size of your team
  • Your familiarity with each architectural pattern

By considering these factors, you should be able to get a better idea of which pattern is the best fit for your project.

Examples of Projects Using Each Pattern

To help you get a better idea of the type of project that each architecture pattern is best suited for, here are a few examples:

  • MVC: Web applications
  • MVP: Desktop applications
  • MVVM: Mobile applications

These are just guidelines, of course. You’ll need to evaluate your specific project to determine which pattern is the best fit.


Choosing the right architecture pattern for your project is critical to understanding the differences between MVC vs. MVP vs. MVVM. Remember that the right architecture pattern depends on various factors, so make sure that you evaluate your project accordingly.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Share post:



More like this

The Benefits Of Duct AC Systems For Your Home Or Business

When it comes to keeping your house or office...

8 Most Valuable Tips to Help You Shift Your House from Mumbai to Bangalore

While shifting your house from Mumbai to Bangalore, you...

What Juice Can Reduce Belly Fat Quickly?

There are several drinks that you can drink to...

Myths About Your Car’s Engine Oil Busted!

No one can deny the importance of engine oil...