Former premier Atal Bihari Vajpayee was born December 25, 1924 in Gwalior. He attended Gwalior’s Saraswati Shishu Mandir in Gwalior prior to completing a an undergraduate degree in Hindi, English and Sanskrit at Gwalior’s Victoria College and post-graduation in Political Science at DAV College, Kanpur. A master orator He was hailed as an outstanding politician with a stately character who could exceed the core agenda of his party to serve the greater good.
Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s political career
Vajpayee was a political figure who began as an activist for freedom, his first encounter with politics was as a participant in his participation in the Quit India movement of 1942. While as a student, Vajpayee had once considered a move towards communism. However, it was the philosophy associated with his organization, the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) which drew him in more. Vajpayee joined RSS as an active volunteer in the year 1930. The year 1947 was when Vajpayee began his career as an editor for the newspapers of Deendayal Upadhyaya — Rashtradharma (a Hindi monthly), Panchjanya (a Hindi weekly) and the daily papers Swadesh as well as Veer Arjun. Later on, inspired through Syama Prasad Mookerjee Vajpayee was a member of his fellow members of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh in 1951.
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His political career began in the year 1957, when he ran in his first Lok Sabha elections from three seats and was elected from Uttar Pradesh’s Balrampur constituency. Vajpayee was sworn in as an MP in 1957 and impressed then-prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru with his impressive oratory abilities. Nehru believed that Vajpayee was likely to become India’s premier minister one day.
Vajpayee was elected the president of the national Jana Sangh in 1968 after the death of Deendayal Upadhyaya. In the following years Vajpayee worked with Lal Krishna Advani, Nanaji Deshmukh and Balraj Madhok in order to make Jana Sangh’s role in Indian political life more prominent.
Vajpayee was imprisoned for a number of months during the time Indira Gandhi declared an Emergency during June of 1975. He along and Advani along with Bhairon Singh Shekhawat, founded the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in 1980. He was later the first to be elected its president.
In the elections of 1984 after the assassination of Indira Gandhi as PM, BJP was able to secure 2 seats out of 545 members in Lok Sabha. The defeat of Vajpayee was particularly extremely. He was a tireless worker to build the party. In the next election for the House of Representatives in 1989 the BJP was able to win the 88 seats.
Vajpayee served as a Member of Parliament for more than five decades. He was selected for the Lok Sabha ten times, and twice to the Rajya Sabha.
Atal Bihari Vajpayee as Prime Minister of India
Vajpayee served for three terms as the prime minister for three terms. His first term , in 1996 lasted just 13 days. From 1998 until 1999 the premier was in charge during 13 consecutive months. From 1999 until 2004 he was able to serve for a whole term which lasted for five years. He was the first India’s prime minister have an entire five-year term in office.
A Bihari Vajpayee led National Democratic Alliance (NDA) was at the Centre at the time that the Kargil War was fought. The victory of India boosted Vajpayee’s standing and he was praised for his support for the army and clearly expressing the country’s position on the international stage. Following the war and his election as premier for the third time. The term was Vajpayee’s the first prime minister who was not a member of Congress to serve a full five-year time frame. In the event that he did not come back to power following the general elections of 2004 and the 2004 general elections, it marked an end to his lengthy and turbulent political career. The following year the politician resigned from politics.
Vajpayee had a stroke back in 2009 that hampered his speech. He also had diabetes and dementia that lasted for a long time. On June 11, 2018 the patient was admitted to the New Delhi’s All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) suffering from urinary tract and kidney infection as well as chest congestion. The 16th of August, that same day, he died at the age of 93. Vajpayee was cremated with full honors of the state on the Rashtriya Smriti Sthal in the vicinity of Raj Ghat. The pyre is lit by the foster child Namita Kaul Bhattacharya. Many people paid tribute to him as he was buried. A seven-day mourning period was declared from the Central government in all of India. The national flag was flown at half-mast throughout the time.